At the Center
The teachings of Confucius set forth models for interactions between family and the public as well as educational standards. At the center of his teachings was the subject of human relationships. He believed that society is a network of human relationships.
There are five archetypal relationships which include:
- Relationship between ruler and subject
- Relationship between father and son
- Relationship between husband and wife
- Relationship between elder brother and younger brother
- Relationship between friend and friend
People should fulfill their role in their various relationships by doing the right thing. Individuals should treat others with respect, live virtuous lives based on traditional customs, and follow rituals (which varied from very simple to elaborate).
Influence on the State
Confucius taught about the proper role of leaders. Self-discipline was an important characteristic of leaders, which would help them fulfill the relationship between ruler and subject. Rulers should remain humble and be a positive role model for their subjects. If everyone in society fulfilled their roles, then society would function smoothly.
The ideas of Confucius would eventually be known as Confucianism and they still hold an important part in many cultures today.
More Blogging Through the Alphabet Posts
Looking for more posts about China and its history? Why not read about the Boxer Rebellion or the Zhou Dynasty?
References and Resources
Biography.com's Article on Confucius
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